- Direct or indirect damages, caused to the aquatic environment covered by the Community legislation in terms of water management.
- Direct or indirect damages, caused to the species or the natural habitats protected at a Community level by the Birds Directive of 1979 and the Habitats Directive of 1992, as well as the direct or indirect contamination of soils which presents majors risk for human health.
Organizations, but also farmers and industrials are demanding that meat and animal products (dairy products, eggs and so on and so forth) should be labelled, as vegetable products are, when their feed contained GMOs.
“To produce one kilo of farm-raised fish, you need 5 kilos of wild fish, and this is no longer possible. Nowadays, wild fish is being replaced by soy”, without mentioning whether it contains GMOs or not, adds M. Bettinger. Most of soy used for cattle feed is imported. Brittany, one of the major agro-industrial regions in the European Union, has gone to great lengths to set up non transgenic import channels, essentially from Brazil, the number one exporting country worldwide. About forty European regions have also subscribed to this approach for a secured supplying channel for soy – as well as other products – of non-GMO animal feed. According to a survey published in May 2007, most French farmers were in favour of a moratorium on GMOs, waiting for consensus or for scientific research to offer the possibly of taking definite decisions on the existence or not of real health and environment risks linked to this type of production.
GMO Law: A Botched Job and a Completely Irresponsible Vote (Greenpeace)
PARIS, 9 April 2008 (AFP) – The French GMO Bill adopted last Wednesday by the French Assembly, was the result of “a botched job” and a “completely irresponsible vote”, according to Greenpeace in a press release.
Green Peace deplores the adoption of such a bill, which condemns the whole French agricultural production in the long term to being contaminated and defines a responsibility system that is completely failing. Underlying that GMO-free products are defined by a 0.9% contamination, Greenpeace pointed out that “GMO-free means in fact: with a little bit of GMOs” and that the conventional or the organic farmers will have to tackle contaminations by themselves. The only “responsible amendment”, was the one presented by the Communist Member of Parliament André Chassaigne, allowing the protection of quality production zones without GMOs, “but it might be put into question next week in the Senate during the second reading”, said the association. “The crusade of Chief-Sergeant Copé against a Secretary of State guilty of supporting the only amendment limiting the contamination does not do justice to French Democracy”, added the spokesperson of Greenpeace.
France Nature Environment (FNE, which includes 3000 associations) considers that the Members of Parliament have adopted “a few amendments to reinforce the Law significantly towards a better protection of non-GMO crops”. However, “it is deeply regrettable that no improvement was brought to the crucial issue of responsibility in case of contamination", underlined FNE.
Decree No 2007-949 from 15 May 2007 pertaining to the AOC of the Abondance Cheese
(Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée: controlled designation of origin)
“Are only authorized in the feed of the animals: plants, co-products and supplements made from non-transgenic products. Planting transgenic crops is forbidden on the whole surface of the land where milk is produced to make the Abondance Cheese AOC. This ban is extended to any plant species likely to be fed to the animals on the farm and to any cultivation of a plant that could contaminate the animals. The farmers have to provide the French State Veterinary Services with all the papers that have to do with the purchase of feed and seeds, and in particular, invoices, labels and packaging. They also need to indicate the volume, the lists of ingredients and the origin of the products. This also applies to the purchase of standing crops.”
The French Constitutional Council almost totally validated the GMO Law on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) after having been to requested to censure it by the left wing Members of the Parliament, announced the Council, one of the highest jurisdiction in the French Republic.