BioRisk 7: 73–97 (2012)
BioRisk 73, doi: 10.3897/biorisk.7.1969
Frieder Graef 1, 22 , Jörg Römbke 2 , Rosa Binimelis 3 , Anne Ingeborg Myhr 4 , Angelika Hilbeck 5 , Broder Breckling 6 , Tommy Dalgaard 7 , Ulrich Stachow 1 , Georgina Catacora-Vargas 4 , Thomas Bøhn 4, 28 , David Quist 4 , Béla Darvas 8, 29 , Gert Dudel 9 , Bernadette Oehen 10 , Hartmut Meyer 11 , Klaus Henle 12 , Brian Wynne 13 , Marc J. Metzger 14 , Silvio Knäbe 15 , Josef Settele 16 , András Székács 8, 29 , Angelika Wurbs 1 , Jeannette Bernard 17 , Donal Murphy-Bokern 18 , Marcello Buiatti 19 , Manuela Giovannetti 19 , Marko Debeljak 20 , Erling Andersen 21 , Andreas Paetz 17 , Saso Dzeroski 20 , Beatrix Tappeser 22 , Cornelis A.M. van Gestel 23 , Werner Wosniok 24 , Gilles-Eric Séralini 25 , Iulie Aslaksen 26, 4 , Roland Pesch 6 , Stanislav Maly 27 , Armin Werner 1
The assessment of the impacts of growing genetically modified (GM) crops remains a major political and scientific challenge in Europe. Concerns have been raised by the evidence of adverse and unexpected environmental effects and differing opinions on the outcomes of environmental risk assessments (ERA). The current regulatory system is hampered by insufficiently developed methods for GM crop safety testing and introduction studies. Improvement to the regulatory system needs to address the lack of well designed GM crop monitoring frameworks, professional and financial conflicts of interest within the ERA research and testing community, weaknesses in consideration of stakeholder interests and specific regional conditions, and the lack of comprehensive assessments that address the environmental and socio-economic risk assessment interface. To address these challenges, we propose a European Network for systematic GMO impact assessment (ENSyGMO) with the aim directly to enhance ERA and post-market environmental monitoring (PMEM) of GM crops, to harmonize and ultimately secure the long-term socio-political impact of the ERA process and the PMEM in the EU. These goals would be achieved with a multi-dimensional and multi-sector approach to GM crop impact assessment, targeting the variability and complexity of the EU agro-environment and the relationship with relevant socio-economic factors. Specifically, we propose to develop and apply methodologies for both indicator and field site selection for GM crop ERA and PMEM, embedded in an EU-wide typology of agro-environments. These methodologies should be applied in a pan-European field testing network using GM crops. The design of the field experiments and the sampling methodology at these field sites should follow specific hypotheses on GM crop effects and
use state-of-the art sampling, statistics and modelling approaches. To address public concerns and create confidence in the ENSyGMO results, actors with relevant specialist knowledge from various sectors should be involved.
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