Implications of GM-Crop Cultivation at Large Spatial Scales.
Breckling, B. & Verhoeven, R. (2012)
Theorie in der Ökologie 16. Frankfurt, Peter Lang.
Robin Mesnage, Steeve Gress, Nicolas Defarge & Gilles-Eric Séralini
(University of Caen, Institute of Biology, CRIIGEN and Risk Pole, MRSH-CNRS, Caen
Agricultural genetically modified (GM) plants are essentially plants which contain pesticides, because they were designed to tolerate or produce pesticides. In 2011, GM crops reached 160 million hectares, with 59 % of herbicide tolerance (mainly Roundup) mostly in soybean, maize, canola, cotton, 15 % of insecticide producing varieties and 26 % combining both traits (James 2011). We characterized cellular side effects of these pesticide residues on non-target human cells. We summarized here our findings.
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